How Do We Explain the Origin of the Universe?

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In the end, science does not provide the answers most of us require. Its story of our origins and of our end is, to say the least, unsatisfactory. To the question, “How did it all begin?”, science answers, “Probably by an accident.” To the question, “How will it all end?”, science answers, “Probably by an accident.” And to many people, the accidental life is not worth living.
– Neil Postman

A proponent of the big bang theory, at least if he is an atheist, must believe that the matter of the universe came from nothing and by nothing.
– Anthony Kenny

Astronomers now find they have painted themselves into a corner because they have proven, by their own methods, that the world began abruptly in an act of creation to which you can trace the seeds of every star, every planet, every living thing in this cosmos and on the earth. And they have found that all this happened as a product of forces they cannot hope to discover…. That there are what I or anyone would call supernatural forces at work is now, I think, a scientifically proven fact.
– Robert Jastrow

The Big-Bang actually creates a tremendous problem for the atheist. If nothing at all existed prior to the Big-Bang, then what exploded? Moreover, the atheistic view, that the universe is all there is, requires that the universe, for no reason, just came into existence out of nothing. But again, this seems absurd. If the Christian had postulated such a proposition, he or she would have been laughed out of court.
– Mike Licona

It is absurd for the Evolutionist to complain that it is unthinkable for an admittedly unthinkable God to make everything out of nothing, and then pretend that it is more thinkable that nothing should turn itself into everything.
– G. K. Chesterton

To say something created itself is to postulate something so incomprehensibly bizarre that it renders belief in miracles mere chicken-feed by comparison.
– Bō Jinn

Some have spoken of the universe spontaneously creating itself: the whole cosmos propped up by nothing, absolutely nothing. As miracles go, this would be unparalleled. Everything from nothing? Christians believe in the virgin birth of Jesus, but this would mean the virgin birth of the cosmos. In fact, it’s the virgin birth of the cosmos but without a virgin, without anything. Here would be the greatest conjuring trick every pulled: nothing up the sleeve, no sleeve, not even a magician. Just pure magic, out of nowhere.
– Glen Scrivener

The beginning of the universe seems to present insuperable difficulties unless we agree to look on it as frankly supernatural.
– Sir Arthur Eddington

My contention is that the nature of the universe we observe is more consistent with a deliberately created world than with one that has formed accidentally.
– David Siegrist

How Do We Explain Moral Relativism?

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If no set of moral ideas were truer or better than any other,
there would be no sense in preferring civilized morality to
savage morality, or Christian morality to Nazi morality.
– C. S. Lewis

If all positions are of equal intellectual merit,
then cannibalism is only a matter of taste.
– Pope Benedict XVI

A system of morality which is bases on relative emotional values is a mere illusion, a thoroughly vulgar conception which has nothing sound in it and nothing true.
– Socrates

A writer who says that there are no truths, or that all truth is ‘merely relative,’ is asking you not to believe him. So don’t. Deconstruction deconstructs itself, and disappears up its own behind, leaving only a disembodied smile and a faint smell of sulphur.
– Roger Scruton

The assumption that all ideas are equally true is false. Philosophically it is very easy to demonstrate that falsity. Any society however sincere that believes in the equality of all ideas will pave the way for the loss of the good ones.
– Ravi Zacharias

If you depart from moral absolutes, you go into a bottomless pit. Communism and Nazism were catastrophic evils which both derived from moral relativism. Their differences were minor compared to their similarities.
– Paul Johnson

If relativism signifies contempt for fixed categories and those who claim to be the bearers of objective immortal truth, then there is nothing more relativistic than Fascist attitudes and activity. From the fact that all ideologies are of equal value, we Fascists conclude that we have the right to create our own ideology and to enforce it with all the energy of which we are capable.
– Benito Mussolini

No culture in history has ever embraced moral relativism and survived.
Our own culture, therefore, will either:
(1) be the first, and disprove history’s clearest lesson, or
(2) persist in its relativism and die, or
(3) repent of its relativism and live.
There is no other option.
– Peter Kreeft

How Do We Explain Religion?

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No one can help being religious. Human beings are incurably religious. An atheist has the most dogmatic of all conceptions.
– Dr. Robert A. Millikan

Religion functions to remind man that he is not God.
– Author unknown

A little philosophy inclines man’s mind to atheism, but depth in philosophy brings men’s minds about to religion.
– Francis Bacon

Science takes things apart to see how they work; religion puts things together to see what they mean.
– Jonathan Sacks

A man without ‘religion is a contradiction in itself. In his ‘religion’ man gives account of his relation to God. His religion is reaction upon the (real or pretended) revelation of God. Man is ‘incurably religious’ because his relation to God belongs to the very essence of man himself. Man is only man as man before God.
– J. Blauw

Religion is a conviction or passionate philosophy about the nature of life itself, and the position of man in it.
– G. K. Chesterton

Religion is one of the most important vehicles for the passing on of social order, moral values, and spiritual capital.
– Roger Scruton

Yes, organized religion is a crutch. You mean you didn’t know that you are a cripple?
– Peter Kreeft

True religion is not man’s search for the good life, important as that might be; neither is it our effort to find God, inevitable as that may be; true religion is our response to Him who seeks us. It is not an argument for God, but a response to God’s love.
– Elton Trueblood 

How Do We Explain Freedom?

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The demand for absolute liberty brings men
to the depths of slavery.
– Dietrich Bonhoeffer, (1906 – 1945)

Some young men are so ill-informed as to suppose that absence of restraint is the same thing as freedom, whereas, by unchaining the passions, it makes them slaves to a set of masters more tyrannical than all the teachers and mentors of childhood.
– Plutarch, (c. 45 – 120 AD)

No man is free who is not master of himself.
– Epictetus, (c. 50 – 135 AD)

Freedom on a piano involves subjection to the laws of music. Freedom in flying requires applying the principles of aerodynamics. Freedom in driving necessitates respect for the rules of the road. Freedom flourishes inside of boundaries. It self destructs without them.
To live life with the notion of absolute freedom is absolute folly. One quickly becomes a slave of his own self-centeredness, winds up in jail, or ends up dead.
We need something higher than ourselves to steer our life by. We need boundaries to be free. We need guidelines from our Maker.
– Jurgen Schulz

Freedom is not the permission to do what you like.
It’s the power to do what you ought.
– Os Guinness

Jesus Christ was nailed fast to the cross so he could not move. How is that for giving up your freedom? Christianity is the only religion that claims God gave up his freedom so we could experience the ultimate freedom—from evil and death itself. Therefore, you can trust him. He sacrificed his independence for you, so you can sacrifice yours for him. And when you do, you will find that it is the ultimate, infinitely liberating constraint. “If the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed” (John 8:36).
– Timothy Keller

He is a free man, whom the truth makes free,
And all are slaves besides.
– William Cowper, (1731 – 1800)

We find freedom when we find God;
we lose it when we lose Him.
– Paul Scherer

In freeing ourselves from Christianity, we have only freed ourselves from freedom.
– G. K. Chesterton

How Do We Explain Faith?

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It is idle to talk always of the alternative of reason and faith.
Reason is itself a matter of faith. It is an act of faith to assert
that our thoughts have any relation to reality at all.
– G. K. Chesterton

Can you PROVE, in a non-circular way,
that there is truth? that reason works? No?
Oh, you have FAITH. I see.
– Anonymous

Faith is belief in something for which there is evidence but no proof.
Faith is required for belief in most scientific ideas, as well as in religious doctrines. Faith is irrelevant for believing proven facts, like the
existence of cats or mathematical truths.
– Sy Garte

Life will always take you with a combination of faith and reason.
God has put enough in this world to make faith in Him a most
reasonable thing; He has left enough out to make it impossible
to live by sheer reason alone.
– Ravi Zacharias

Belief in God is an act of faith.
But so is believing our existence
is simply the result of chance.
– Eric Metaxas

The greatest act of faith takes place when a man
finally decides that he is not God.
– Johann Wolfgang Goethe

Faith is taking the first step even when
you don’t see the whole staircase.
– Martin Luther King, Jr.

How Do We Explain Hell?

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If you want your own way, God will let you have it.
Hell is the enjoyment of one’s own way forever.
– Dorothy Sayers

Atheism is a lack of belief in God? A mere absence?
Fair enough.
Hell is a lack God’s presence, the absence of God.
God is, in His way, a libertarian. Everyone gets to choose.
– Eve Keneinan

Hell is God’s great compliment to the reality of human freedom
and the dignity of human personality.
– G. K. Chesterton

One does not miss heaven by a hair, but by constant effort
to avoid and escape God.
– Dallas Willard

Only the gospel dares to proclaim that God enters smack-dab into the middle of the hell we create. Only the gospel dares to proclaim that God was born a baby in a bloody, crap-filled stable, that He lived a life befriending the prostitutes and lepers no one else would befriend, and that He suffered, firsthand, the hellish depth of all that is nightmarish in human existence.
– Gregory A. Boyd

Hell is when and where you know there’s a party going on, that
you were invited, and that you permanently declined.
– James A. Fowler

In the long run the answer to all those who object to the doctrine of hell, is… a question: “What are you asking God to do?” To wipe out their past sins and, at all costs, to give them a fresh start, smoothing every difficulty and offering every miraculous help? But He has done so, on Calvary. To forgive them? They will not be forgiven [editor: they will not accept God’s forgiveness]. To leave them alone? Alas, I am afraid that is what He does.
– C. S. Lewis

The question is not, “Why would a loving God send anyone to hell?”
The question is, “Why would anyone choose hell over a loving God?”

How Do We Explain Faith And Reason?

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Creation is too large to be contained in the tight fist of reason.
– Marilynne Robinson

Reason is no substitute for faith, as colour is not substitute for sound.
– Nicolás Gómez Dávila

God does not expect us to submit our faith to Him without reason, but the very limits of our reason make faith a necessity.
– Augustine

Reason itself is a matter of faith. It is an act of faith to assert that our thoughts have any relation to reality at all.
– G. K. Chesterton,
Orthodoxy

Religious faith is not a rebellion against reason, but a legitimate and necessary revolt against the imprisonment of humanity within the cold walls of a rationalist dogmatism. The Christian faith declares that there is more to reality than reason discloses – not contradicting reason, but simply transcending it, and escaping from its limitations.
– Alister McGrath

The last function of reason is to recognize that there are an infinity of things which surpass it.
― Blaise Pascal

How Do We Explain Christianity?

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Christianity has inspired some of the world’s greatest music and arts, and has expanded education from the elite to the masses — even creating the entity of the university…

Prior to the coming of Christ, human life on this planet was expendable.
. . . In the ancient world, child sacrifice was a common practice. In ancient Rome, babies were often left to die if the father did not want them. Many Christians saved these babies and reared them in the Christian faith and helped turn the tide. Through His church, ultimately Jesus brought an end to infanticide in the Roman world.

Christianity also helped to cease the gladiatorial contests — where slaves would be forced to fight unto death for the entertainment of the crowds. And Christianity got slavery abolished in the ancient world and then again in the modern world.

Christianity managed to stop the practice in India of widow-burning. Many times a young girl would be married to an older man. When he died, she would be burned to death on his funeral pyre … until the missionaries agitated to put a stop to this. Wherever the Gospel has truly penetrated, the value of human life has greatly increased.

. . . Christianity and the Bible helped give birth to modern science, beginning in the late Middle Ages. The belief that a rational God had created a rational universe inspired so many scientists to engage in scientific exploration, looking to catalogue the laws the Creator had impressed upon His creation.

The early scientists thought of themselves as “thinking God’s thoughts after Him” (in the words of astronomer Johannes Kepler).

. . . Virtually all of the founders of every major branch of science were Bible-believing Christians. We document that in the book with a long list. One of those men, Sir Isaac Newton, was one of the greatest scientists who ever lived — and he was a committed believer who wrote more about the Bible and theology than he did about science.

– Jerry Newcombe
https://www.christianpost.com/voice/the-incredible-impact-of-jesus-christ.html

How Do We Explain The Historical Jesus?

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Heaven and earth have been scoured to find evidence for or against the historicity of Jesus, theory after theory has been brought forth to account for him apart from his historicity. They have all collapsed by their own sheer weight or have broken themselves upon the fact of Christ. After . . . years of terrific battle, the smoke has cleared, and there stands upon the horizon of our thinking a character essentially as the New Testament depicts him.
– E. Stanley Jones

The early opponents of Christianity . . . the fact that none of them even attempts to claim Christ never existed, when you’d think that would be the best argument against the whole thing, is (to put it mildly) rather suggestive.
– Tom Woods

No serious scholar has ventured to postulate the non-historicity of Jesus.
– Otto Betz

All four Gospels agree in giving us a picture of a very definite personality. One is obliged to say, “Here was a man. This could not have been invented.
– H. G. Wells

That a few simple men should in one generation have invented so powerful and appealing a personality, so lofty an ethic, and so inspiring a vision of human brotherhood, would be a miracle far more incredible than any recorded in the Gospels.
– Will Durant

How Do We Explain Denial of God?

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In countless talks about Christ it has been my experience that what stands between men and Christ is not intellectual arguments but sins.
– Helmut Thielicke

I am persuaded that men think there is no God because they wish there were none. They find it hard to believe in God, and to go on in sin, so they try to get an easy conscience by denying his existence.
– Charles Spurgeon

Atheism, nine times out of ten, is born from the womb of a bad conscience. Disbelief is born of sin, not of reason.
– Fulton John Sheen

No one in the final analysis fails to become a Christian because of a lack of arguments; he fails to become a Christian because he loves darkness rather than light and wants nothing to do with god.
― William Lane Craig

Two new studies by the American Psychological Association confirm that disbelief in God for a significant percentage of atheists is not due to dispassionate reasoning, but the effect of emotional or relational discomfort with what they perceived God to be. According to an article in Psychology Today, which summarized the findings, “54% of self-reported atheists indicated some relational and emotional reasons for nonbelief. In the second study, 72% of 429 American adults who expressed some level of atheism or agnosticism endorsed similar reasons.”
– Lenny Esposito

The wrath of God is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of people, who suppress the truth by their wickedness, since what may be known about God is plain to them, because God has made it plain to them. For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that people are without excuse.
– Romans 1:18-20